to 19. huhtikuuta 2018 12.43.00
While 2018 is not a Presidential election year, there are many other races coming up at the federal, state, and local level.
All 435 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives and one-third of all U.S. Senators are up for election on November 6, 2018.
Senators serve six-year, overlapping terms. One-third of all U.S. Senators are elected during each midterm and each Presidential election year. There are 100 U.S. Senators, two from each state. To be eligible to be elected, a Senator must be at least 30 years old, a U.S. citizen for at least nine years, and live in the state he or she represents.
Members of the U.S. House of Representatives serve two-year terms, which mean that all 435 Representatives are elected in both midterm and Presidential election years. The number of Representatives per state is based proportionally on the state’s population. Each Representative serves the citizens of a specific congressional district. To be elected, a Representative must be at least 25 years old, a U.S. citizen for at least seven years, and live in the state he or she represents.
Currently, the Republican Party holds 51 seats in the Senate. Democrats hold 47 seats, and the remaining two are held by independents who caucus with the Democratic Party. The Democratic Party are defending 25 seats (two of which are held by independents), while eight seats up for election in 2018 are held by Republican incumbents.
Republicans also control the U.S. House of Representatives holding 237 seats to Democrats' 192 seats, with six seats being vacant.
Midterms determine which political party—Democratic or Republican—will control each chamber of Congress for the next two years. The party in control of either chamber is the party more likely to get its proposed legislation passed in that chamber. Proposed legislation must pass in both the House and the Senate for it to reach the President’s desk for approval.
State and Local Elections
Also thirty-six states and three U.S. territories have gubernatorial elections this year, and many cities have mayoral elections.
State and local elections can take place in any year, at various times throughout the year. Elections may be held for offices like the state’s governor, seats in the state legislature, a city’s mayor, judges, local officials, or for other reasons. Ballot initiatives that affect the laws, taxes, and budget of your state, county, or town may be up for vote at local and state elections.
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